Dental Implants Complications
Dental implant complications can follow implant surgery as any other surgical procedure. Many of the complications can be treated without causing big problems, however in some cases they can cause dental implant failure. The key factors in minimizing dental implant complications are the selection of an experienced implant dentist, careful pre-operative treatment planning and proper after-care and oral hygiene.
Common dental implant complications
Common implant complications are mainly related to:
Dental Implants Complications #1 - Post-surgery bleeding
Some bleeding should be expected for about 1-2 days after surgery. Biting gently on a gauze pad placed over the surgery area for 30 minutes should normally stop the bleeding. Excessive bleeding is not normal and you must call your dentist immediately.
Dental Implants Complications #2 - Damage to adjacent tissues
Dental implant complications related with surgical errors affecting adjacent teeth, nerves or sinus are directly linked with the experience and skills of the dentist. An experienced and skilled implant dentist is able to identify potential problems by examining x-rays or CT-scan, design the proper surgery plan and execute it successfully without complications. Although there is always a possibility of implant complications, proper selection of implant dentist is a main factor for a successful treatment.
Dental Implants Complications #3 - Infections of the implantation area
Infections of the implantation area is the most common of the dental implant complications. Implant infection is a condition referred as peri-implantitis which is characterized by inflammation or swelling of the tissues surrounding the implantation area. Peri-implantitis is a form of periodontal disease that can lead to inflammation, bone loss and implant failure if not treated properly. Although implant infections are usually caused by the presence of bacteria during or immediately after the oral surgery for the placement of the implant, an implant infection can happen months or years after surgery.
Dental Implants Complications #4 - Dental implant inflammation
Inflammation and swelling of the surrounding tissues is the immediate symptom of implant infection. Improper placement or size of the abutment and crown restoration, that puts under pressure and traumatizes the soft tissues around or beneath it, may also cause dental implants complications. Dental implant inflammation triggers a response from the body's immune system that attacks the infected gingival and bone cells. This can result to bone loss around the implant and if it continues the implant will become loose and will have to be removed. The dentist has to eliminate the inflammation as soon as possible to prevent further bone loss that can cause implant failure. The inflammation can be treated by antibiotics and cleaning if caused by implant infection, or by removing or adjusting the defective restoration if caused by trauma.
Patients with high risk of dental implant complications
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